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how is personal injury compensation calculated?

How is personal injury compensation calculated?

If your claim is successful, the Personal Injury Compensation you can receive is calculated by adding together two types of compensation: general damages and special damages.

General damages

Awarded to compensate you for the pain, suffering and loss of amenity associated with your injury. The amount that you may be entitled to is worked out based on the type of injury and how serious the injury is.

Special damages

Relate to the financial loss you have suffered and / or any costs which you have incurred as a result of your injury.

What are general damages in a personal injury case?

Personal injury general damages are designed to compensate you for the impact your injury or illness has on your life. You will almost certainly have suffered pain as a consequence of your accident, but you might well also have been left with a disability or disfigurement which impacts your ability to live your life as you did previously.

General damages can also be awarded to compensate you for the stress of the accident and any ongoing mental trauma you experience.

The amount of money which can be claimed is based on the nature and severity of the injury or illness you experience (primarily based on the areas of the body affected).

How are general damages calculated?

As it would clearly be impossible to properly calculate the “pain and suffering” felt by everyone making a personal injury claim, our legal system uses a standard guide to compensation level called the Judicial College Guidelines. These guidelines, updated on a regular basis to reflect recent judicial decisions, provide a starting point for your legal team, and the court, when considering the level of compensation which is appropriate for your claim.

The guidelines set out the accepted compensation amounts for a wide spectrum of injuries to, including different monetary values for moderate or severe injuries, and are used by legal teams when working on settlement agreements and the courts when calculating awards.

Part of the job of your dedicated solicitor will be to understand the consequences of your accident and to ensure that you receive the appropriate compensation for what has happened.

How is compensation calculated when there are multiple injuries?

Although the Judicial College Guidelines make it relatively straightforward to provide a rough estimate of a potential compensation claim for a single injury, serious injury claims involving multiple injuries are more complicated.

The courts will not simply add together the amounts which might be awarded for each individual injury; they may choose to award compensation for the main injury in full, and make an additional award for further injuries, but at a reduced level from the amount of a typical individual claim.

This is where an experienced, dedicated solicitor is invaluable in providing advice in relation to the possible value of your claim at the beginning of the process.

What special damages in personal injury cases?

Special damages are to compensate you for the actual financial costs of your accident. This can relate to money you have spent as a result of your injury, as well as money which you have been unable to earn due to the accident.

Special damages claims could be made for:

Loss of earnings

This can include money that you were unable to earn because you had to take time off work, but can also include loss of potential future earnings if your injury led to a reduction in your salary or forced you to change to a job with a lower wage.

Loss of income

If you have to have an extended period of time off work, and that results in you missing out on a bonus to which you would have otherwise been entitled, you may be entitled to claim that amount as special damages. 

The cost of medical treatment

This can include short-term expenses such as consultation fees, hospital charges and paying for medicines, as well as long-term costs such as physiotherapy treatment

The cost of care

If your injuries are such that you now require care provision, the cost of accessing that care may also be covered by a special damages claim.

The cost of adapting your house or vehicle

If you are required to make changes to your home or car as a result of your injuries, special damages may cover the costs of making these required adjustments.

The cost of repairing or replacing property

If your accident also resulted in damage being cause to your personal property, you may also be able to make a special damages claim to compensate you for the actual cost of repairing or replacing it.

Travel costs

You may also be able to claim special damages in relation to the reasonable costs of travelling which relate to your injury (to hospital or for medical appointments, for example).

How are special damages calculated?

Calculating special damages is much easier than general damages because they seek to compensate you for the actual financial costs which resulted from your injury. Your solicitor will work with you to agree on the future costs of care and loss of earning potential, and this will be added to any money which you have already had to spend.

To ensure that you have the strongest possible claim, make sure that you keep hold of all receipts and records which relate to anything you spend as a result of your accident.

Will I receive all of the compensation amount? What can be deducted from my claim?

It is likely that certain amounts will be deducted from any amount which is awarded to you. Things which may be taken from your compensation are:

Success fee deduction

We will represent you on a No Win No Fee basis, so you will pay us nothing in the unlikely event that your claim is unsuccessful. If, as we would expect to, you do recover compensation, we charge a success fee usually between 15% and 20%, which will be deducted from the amount you receive.  This will be made clear to you when we agree to take the case on.

Additional legal costs

Our No Win No Fee agreement only covers our solicitor’s fees. Additional costs such as medical expert fees may also be deducted from your compensation.

Split liability deduction

The compensation you receive for the injuries you have suffered may be reduced if it is found by the court (or you agree as part of a settlement) that you were partly to blame for the accident. The amount of the deduction will depend on the level of responsibility each party takes for the accident (e.g. if you were 50% responsible, you would receive only 50% of the compensation you have claimed).

ATE Insurance

After the Event insurance covers you for any costs which you might have to pay to the defendant if your claim is unsuccessful. if you choose to take out such a policy, you will have to pay for your policy if your claim is successful. At PSR Solicitors we never ask any of our clients to obtain an ATE insurance policy. We cover the costs for them if they lose.

We believe that this is a much better scheme for our clients as ATE insurers can often exert some control over the case whereas by, in effect, self-insuring our clients the only people in control of the case are us.


While you do not have to pay tax on any compensation you receive, if you receive interest of any part of the amount you are awarded, the party paying that interest will deduct tax from that interest payment before it is made.

Tips to help you make a successful personal injury claim

Our expert personal injury solicitors will be able to identify early on whether the circumstances of your accident, and the evidence you have of what happened, combine to form the basis of a strong case.  Here are a few key things to bear in mind.

Keep hold of evidence

Take photos of the scene of the accident and your initial injuries; save any communication between you and anyone else involved in the incident; retain all receipts relating to costs you have incurred which relate to your injuries.

Get expert help

As well as an experienced lawyer, you will need expert medical advice in relation to your injuries; you need to know the exact extent of your current injuries, as well as the chances of any further complications in the future. We have a huge amount of experience advising clients on how to deal with medical experts and can advise you about the advice you receive.

You don’t have to rely on only one medical report, especially a report written by your GP who will not be an expert in your particular injury.

Make sure you disclose all your symptoms

Once you receive your medical report, it is important to read it carefully to ensure that it contains all the issues which are affecting you as a result of your accident. We can assist you with the process of carefully analysing the report to ensure that it fully meets your needs.

You must also ensure that you talk about anything which you think might have changed in your health, lifestyle or behaviour following your injury; some people are uncomfortable talking about issues with their mental health, but if you are having difficulty sleeping or have noticed that you are more irritable since your accident, this may be due to stress or anxiety caused by the event.

Make sure that you discuss everything with us, and your medical expert, so that we can help you to determine whether something should be included in your claim.

Contact Our Personal Injury Claims Specialists Today

If you or a loved one have suffered an injury as a result of an accident, and you want free advice on making a serious injury compensation claim, from a fully qualified personal injury solicitor, then please contact us now.

PSR Solicitors are renowned for our expertise in handling all manner of personal injury claims and are accredited by The Law Society in recognition for our proficiency in handling such cases.

Some legal firms don’t use qualified solicitors to deal with Personal Injury Claims anymore, at PSR Solicitors however we believe that your case deserves special attention from a dedicated, fully qualified solicitor from day one.

Using one of our specialist solicitors ensures that you have the best possible chance of winning your claim and receiving all of the compensation and help that you are entitled to, and our No Win No Fee Claims promise gives you the reassurance that you won't have any legal costs to pay should your claim prove to be unsuccessful so No Win No Fee = No Risk To You.

With offices throughout the North West, PSR is a leading practice of  Personal Injury Solicitors in Wales and Injury Solicitors in Cheshire. We regularly act for clients on personal injury claims across North Wales, Cheshire, Liverpool, and Merseyside.

As recognised injury claim experts we can support your needs wherever you’re based in Wales, England & Northern Ireland.

For confidential, professional legal advice contact PSR Solicitors today and we will contact you within one hour of your initial enquiry, or the next working day if you contact us during the evening or at the weekend. 

Contact PSR's Injury Claim experts to get started…


Appointments can be arranged by phone, Zoom or Skype video call or in person at one of our local offices.

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Contact PSR to get started…

Tell us a little about your legal issue and one of our Solicitors will contact you to discuss how we can help you and also advise you of the costs involved.

Appointments can be arranged by phone, Zoom or Skype video call or in person at one of our local offices.

  • Fixed Fees
  • 5 Star Google satisfaction ratings
  • Law Society Accredited Solicitors
  • Personable, Professional & Reliable

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